Examining the Disaster Preparedness of Foreigners Living in Japan Sayaka Fujita 1 Keyword: 外国人 , 災害 , 備え , foreigners , disaster , preparedness pp.39-49
Published Date 2018/5/31
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.7008200486
  • Abstract
  • Reference

Purpose: This study aimed to examine perspectives on disaster preparedness of foreigners living in Japan and to clarify the availability of public support.

Methods: Information from local government websites was analyzed in order to assess public support for foreign residents. In addition, semi-structured interviews were conducted with five foreigners living in Japan to assess their perspectives on disaster preparedness.

Results: Seventeen categories including “Items for disaster preparedness for foreigners,” “Reasons not to prepare” and “Requirements for preparedness” were extracted from the narratives of foreigners. The items for preparedness were similar to those of Japanese, and cultural factors were found to be related to their reasons not to prepare. From the results, barriers to preparedness are the gap between information and needs, a lack of education and cooperators, and dependence on public support. The findings suggest that information considering language, continuous education, building networks and cooperation among stakeholders are necessary to improve self-help by foreigners.

Conclusion: Foreigners recognize disaster preparedness just as Japanese do, but cultural factors are related to the reasons they cannot prepare. Information, education, networking and cooperation considering the characteristics of foreigners are needed for improvement of self-help.

Copyright © 2018, Japan Society of Disaster Nursing All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1345-0204 日本災害看護学会