Development of Natural Disaster Preparedness Scale for Nursing Department of Hospital: Reliability and Validity as Scale Ayumi Nishigami 1 1Faculty of Health Science and Nursing, Baika Women's University Keyword: 自然災害 , 病院看護部 , 備え , 尺度 , natural disaster , nursing department of hospital , preparedness , scale pp.257-266
Published Date 2015/12/31
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to verify reliability and validity of the Natural Disaster Preparedness Scale for Nursing Department of Hospital that we had prepared.

Method: The items for the scale were extracted from materials including literatures, and corrected and pretested by specialists. The scale consisted of the following 114 items: 49 in “Plan,” 11 in “Organize,” 14 in “Equip,” 22 in “Train,” 9 in “Exercise” and 9 in “Evaluate and Improve.” The subjects included nursing departments of 4,298 hospitals in Japan. The survey was made via postal mails, and analyses were made using correlation coefficient and reliability coefficient. The survey was conducted from May to June 2013.

Results: Responses were obtained from 723 hospitals. Of these, 555 facilities (12.9%) had sent valid answers. For reliability, alpha-coefficient for the entire scale score was 0.987, and that for each subscale was 0.843-0.971. The criterion-referenced validity and construct validity were also verified.

Conclusion: Although the number of items is still too large, this scale is useful to measure preparedness against natural disasters in hospital nursing departments.

Copyright © 2015, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.


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