Current Conditions of Disaster Preparedness among Disaster Base Hospitals in Japan Ayumi Nishigami 1 , Aiko Yamamoto 2 Keyword: 災害拠点病院 , 備え , 日本 , disaster base hospital , preparedness , Japan pp.16-30
Published Date 2009/12/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.7008200153
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The purpose of this study was to clarify the current conditions of disaster preparedness among disaster base hospitals in Japan. Questionnaires were utilized for data collection about disaster preparedness. Questionnaires were sent by postal mail to 572 disaster base hospitals in Japan. Responses were obtained by 222 out of 572 hospitals, with 187 of the 222 hospitals having countermeasure organizations in place for disasters. A larger number of those with disaster preparedness organizations in place defined 'disaster' as "earthquakes" and "large fires," in order by number. A smaller number of those with disaster preparedness organizations in place defined 'disaster' as being man-made, as "hospital collapse," "radioactive contamination," "aircraft," "terrorism" and "chemical weapons." Manuals were in use at 211 hospitals at the time of disaster. Moreover, 125 of the 211 hospitals had informed its personnel at the hospitals about the manual. Planning for disaster countermeasures and triage training were implemented at most hospitals responding. On the other hand, a small number of hospitals were planning to accept nursing volunteers and general volunteers. Future tasks will include developing countermeasures against manmade disasters, creating a manual for use in times of disaster and then disseminating information about the manual, and expanding disaster plans to accept various volunteers.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1345-0204 日本災害看護学会