Supporting caregivers' interactions with residents having communication disorders in a long-term care facility for the elderly Mineko Booka 1 , Toshiko Watamori 2 1Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima 2Graduate school, Prefectural University of Hiroshima Keyword: 高齢者施設 , コミュニケーション障害 , 介護職者 , 会話パートナー , 拡大代替コミュニケーション手段(AAC) , long-term care facility , communication disorders , caregiver , conversation partner , augmentative and alternative communication(AAC) pp.62-70
Published Date 2005/7/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001100033
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 Communication partners are receiving increased attention for their important role in the process of rehabilitating people with communication disorders. This study describes the effectiveness of providing supportive intervention to residents with communication disorders and their caregivers in a long-term care facility. A speech-language-hearing therapist (SLHT) assessed four residents with communication disorders and trained them in the use of appropriate methods of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The caregivers were provided with general information about communication disorders and specific communication skills appropriate for interacting with each resident.

 We measured the effectiveness of the above intervention by (1) comparing videotaped scenes of the same communication task performed both before and after intervention and then (2) analyzing the success rate and the strategies used by the caregivers during the tasks, in which the residents were asked to communicate with their caregivers about pictured objects.

 The results of this study suggest two important means of effectively supporting interactions between caregivers and elderly residents with communication disorders: one is to help caregivers understand the communication disorders of residents, and the other is to support caregivers in gaining specific communication skills, including AAC, appropriate for each resident.

Copyright © 2005, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会