Mental health and related factors in spouses of people with aphasia Hikaru Nakamura 1 , Sinya Fukunaga 2 , Miyoko Suzuki 3 , Hiromichi Igawa 4 , Kazumi Tsuiki 5 , Ryoko Nakai 6 1Department of Welfare System and Health Science, Okayama Prefectural University 2Department of Communication Disorders, Himeji Dokkyo University 3Department of Rehabilitation, Inuyama Chuo Hospital 4Section of Rehabilitation, Kurashiki Riverside Hospital 5Department of Rehabilitation, Ibikosei Hospital 6Department of Rehabilitation, Nishinomiya Kyoritsu Rehabilitation Hospital Keyword: 失語症 , 配偶者 , 精神的健康 , GHQ , コミュニケーション障害 , aphasia , spouse , mental health , GHQ , communication disorders pp.167-171
Published Date 2007/11/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001100132
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 We examined mental health and related factors in spouses of people with aphasia using the 12-item version of the Japanese General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12:Nakagawa et al, 1985). The subjects were 71 spouses who lived with people with chronic aphasia. Data were obtained from questionnaires distributed to the spouses and to the speech-language-hearing therapists serving their aphasic spouses. The results showed that 37 (52%) of the spouses scored 3 or more points (corresponding to a lower level of mental health) on the GHQ-12. The severity of aphasia was determined using the Aphasia Severity Rating Scale (Goodglass et al, 1972). Spouses who lived with severely aphasic people scored significantly higher on the GHQ-12 than those who lived with mildly aphasic people. A multiple regression analysis using a stepwise method demonstrated that the GHQ-12 scores were related to the scores obtained on the Family Questionnaire in the Communicative Activities of Daily Living, but not to the scores obtained on the Standard Language Test of Aphasia. The GHQ-12 scores tended to be significantly higher for those spouses whose partners could not walk independently than for those whose partners could. Also, the scores of the spouses who reported financial difficulties tended to be significantly higher than those who did not report such difficulties. We concluded that communication problems associated with people with aphasia did seem to affect their spouses' mental health, although their mental health was not found to be significantly poorer than that of caregivers of elderly family members who need assistive care.

Copyright © 2007, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.


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