A screening test for aphasia and dysarthria for patients with acute stroke Kentaro Araki 1 , Sonoko Uno 2 , Junko Fujitani 3 , Takao Fushimi 4 1Mitsuwadai General Hospital 2Nagareyama Central Hospital 3International Medical Center of Japan 4Kitasato University, School of Allied Health Sciences Keyword: 言語臨床 , 急性期 , 脳卒中 , コミュニケーション障害 , スクリーニング , speech and language rehabilitation , acute stage , stroke , communication disorders , screening pp.3-11
Published Date 2009/3/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001100184
  • Abstract
  • Look Inside
  • Reference

 We developed and evaluated a Screening Test for Aphasia and Dysarthria (STAD). The STAD comprises 13 subtests, each assigned to one of three sections (verbal, articulation, and non-verbal). We administered the STAD to 45 patients suspected to have communication disorders within 1 month after the onset of a stroke, and later, independent of the STAD, diagnosed the patients with reference to the presence and/or the absence of aphasia, dysarthria, and other higher brain function disorders on the basis of clinical observation and other standardized tests. Based on these diagnoses, we analyzed the patients' performance on the STAD retrospectively. Results indicated that patients with aphasia, dysarthria, and other higher brain function disorders showed poor performance in verbal, articulation, and non-verbal sections, respectively, while their performance on other sections was relatively good. The Chronbach's α and the optimal cut-off values for diagnosis were obtained. The STAD could be a useful screening test, which is easily administered and scored to detect aphasia, dysarthria, and higher brain function disorder within the first month after brain damage.

Copyright © 2009, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会