Japanese

Effects of semantic therapy on picture-naming disorders in aphasia : A single case study on the degree of subjective effort Satoe Murakumo 1 , Tatsuya Hirai 1 , Hatsumi Hattori 1 , Ryoko Yamashita 1 , Hikaru Nakamura 2 1Department of Rehabilitation, Nishio Hospital 2Department of Welfare System and Health Science, Faculty of Health and Welfare Science, Okayama Prefectural University Keyword: 失語症 , 呼称 , 意味セラピー , 主観的努力度 , 単一事例研究デザイン , aphasia , picture naming , semantic therapy , subjective effort , single case research design pp.139-146
Published Date 2011/11/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001100298
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 Semantic therapy and phonological therapy were performed for a case of aphasia with severe picture-naming disorders and the effects were compared in a single case research design. The subject was a 64-year-old right-handed male who demonstrated severe Broca's aphasia following an occlusion in the left middle cerebral artery. On the picture-naming subtest of the Standard Language Test of Aphasia (SLTA), he scored 0 out of 20. We treated his naming disorders using tasks appropriate for phonological therapy and semantic therapy, and measured the number of correct picture-naming responses and the degree of subjective effort during each therapy session. The phonological therapy tasks consisted of picture naming, providing an initial sound cue, and oral reading in repetition, and the semantic therapy tasks consisted of spoken word-to-picture matching and written word-to-picture matching. The two types of therapy were equal in their magnitude of improvement. However, the degree of subjective effort was lower for semantic therapy. If the two types of therapy are equally effective, we think that semantic therapy, which may require less mental effort for the patients, should be more widely applied.


Copyright © 2011, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会

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