Japanese

Cognitive neuropsychological aphasia rehabilitation: Its theory and practice Hikaru Nakamura 1 Keyword: 認知神経心理学 , 言語情報処理モデル , 意味セラピー , 誤りなし学習 , CI失語療法 , cognitive neuropsychology , information processing model of language , semantic therapy , errorless learning , constraint-induced aphasia therapy pp.74-80
Published Date 2019/6/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001200222
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 Cognitive neuropsychological aphasia rehabilitation can be defined as "assessment and intervention of aphasia using cognitive models". Also, a type of "logogen models” may be useful for clinical practice. Information processing of language is represented by modules (independent subcomponents of language processing) and their links in those models. Traditional models, however, have been revised recently. First, the modules are thought to be activated interactively, not discretely. Second, with regard to semantic system, each concept of items is thought to be composed of small semantic units (semantic features), and the distributions of semantic features may be different among sematic categories of items.

 In this paper, four new therapy techniques for naming impairments in aphasia are described. These are semantic therapy, errorless learning, constraint-induced aphasia therapy, and speeded therapy. The results of research on these techniques seem to indicate that it is better for people with aphasia to practice a large number of relatively easy tasks, rather than a small number of difficult tasks.


Copyright © 2019, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会

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