Japanese

Respiratory physiology in special environments such as at high altitudes or underwater Seiichiro TSUZUKI 1 , Norimichi UENISHI 1 1Department of General Internal Medicine & Emergency Medicine Fujita Health University School of Medicine pp.47-54
Published Date 2020/1/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.3102200708
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Although treatment is rarely performed in special environments such as at high altitudes or underwater, acute mountain sickness, decompression sickness, nitrogen narcosis, and shallow water blackout may be encountered in critically ill patients. It is necessary to know the pathophysiology when treating patients with these conditions which arise in special environments. In this paper, we explain the process of respiratory adaptation to sudden high-altitude exposure, why acute altitude sickness develops, and what changes occur after chronic high-altitude exposure, such as in highlands. This paper also explains how respiratory physiology changes in water and how decompression sickness, nitrogen narcosis, and shallow water blackout develop.


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電子版ISSN 2186-7852 印刷版ISSN 1883-4833 メディカル・サイエンス・インターナショナル

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