Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease Kanta Yanagida 1 , Shinji Tagami 1 , Masayasu Okochi 1 1Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University Keyword: アミロイドβ , γセクレターゼ , APL1β , 血液バイオマーカー , サロゲートマーカー , amyloid β , γ-secretase , APL1β , blood biomarkers , surrogate marker pp.825-833
Published Date 2017/7/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416200826
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To cope with an aging society, development of disease-modifying drugs for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is essential. Currently, only symptomatic treatments that suppress clinical manifestations are available. Amyloid-β42 (Aβ42) is an AD-related pathogenic molecule that triggers development of AD pathology; thus, decreasing Aβ42 in the brain is a promising candidate for AD therapy. Numerous pharmaceutical companies have developed therapeutic drugs against Aβ42, such as β-secretase inhibitors, γ-secretase inhibitors, and anti-Aβ monoclonal antibodies, but in clinical trials for patients with mild to moderate AD, these drugs did not meet the expected endpoints. These results suggest that earlier administration of these drugs to individuals who have not yet developed cognitive decline, but have AD pathological changes in the brain or high risk of developing these changes, may be beneficial. To enable such early treatment, preclinical AD biomarkers are required. In this review, we comment on current AD biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid and in blood. We also explain CSF/blood APL1β, which is a candidate surrogate marker for Aβ42 in the brain.

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