Treatment and visual outcome in ocular toxocariasis Katsutoshi Yokoi 1 , Hiroshi Goto 1 , Jun-ichi Sakai 1 , Masahiko Usui 1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Medical University. pp.581-585
Published Date 2000/4/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1410906777
  • Abstract
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We reviewed 36 cases of ocular toxocariasis during the foregoing 11 years. All the cases were unilaterally affected. The series comprised posterior granulomatous type 13 cases (37%) and peripheral inflammatory type 23 cases (63%) . The therapeutic regimen included topical corticosteroid 15 cases, systemic corticosteroid alone 9 cases and systemic corticosteroid with anthelmintics 12 cases. Vitreous surgery was performed in 15 cases. The final visual acuity of 1.0 was obtained in 18 cases (50%) and of 0.1 or less in 5 cases (14%). There were no significant differences in the visual outcome as related to therapeutic modality. The poor visual outcome were mainly due to epiretinal membrane, macular degeneration or optic atrophy. The findings show that ocular toxocariasis result, in general, in fair visual outcome and that timely vitreous surgery is advocated for retinal or vitreal complications.

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