Ophthalmological examinations during a health-check program for three-year-old children in Ueda City Masahiko Nohara 1 , Sumio Imai 2 , Hisashi Matsutaka 3 , Yasunori Ogawa 4 , Kouji Aoyagi 5 , Tomoko Yanagidaira 6 1Dept of Ophthalmol,Maruko Cent Gen Hosp 2Imai Eye Clin 3Matsutaka Eye Clin 4Ogawa Eye Clin 5Aoyagi Eye Clin 6Dept of Ophthalmol,Shinshu Univ Sch of Med pp.1139-1143
Published Date 2010/7/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1410103261
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Abstract. Purpose:To report the outcome of ophthalmological examinations during a routine health-check program for 3-year-old children in the City of Ueda in Central Japan. Cases and Method:A total of 1,337 3-year-olds joined the program. They were evaluated for ocular position,eye movement,and refraction by optometrist. Results:Nine cases failed to co-operate and could not be examined. Sixty cases were assigned to further examinations. They comprised 44 cases with refractive error and 16 cases with suspected strabismus. Refraction examined by Retinomax® averaged-1.79±1.40D in 2,108 eyes and that by FR-5000® averaged+0.47 ±0.72D in 386 eyes. Astigmatism averaged 0.50±0.56D by Retinomax® and 0.54±0.34D by FR-5000®. Examination by Retinomax® showed hypermetropia by +1.0D or greater or astigmatism by +2.0D in 4.3% of cases. Examination by FR-5000® showed hypermetropia by +2.0D or greater or astigmatism by +2.0D in 4.7% of cases. Conclusion:Early detection of refractive error or strabismus was possible during a health-check program for 3-year-old children.

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