Factors Consists of Japanese Nurses' Professionhood Yumiko Katsuhara 1 1College of Nursing Art and Science, Hyogo pp.42-48
Published Date 1999/3/25
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 Professionalism has been studied from many perspectives. However, only Styles (1982) has focused on the individual nurse and professionalism. She states professionhood is the reflection of individual nurses and that collective professionhood becomes professionalism. Styles identified three factors associated with professionhood, social significance, ultimacy of performance, and collegiality and collectivity.

 The purpose of the study reported here was to determine if professionhood could be applied to Japanese nurses and the factors of their professionhood are the same as the factors described by Styles. A semi structured interview guideline was developed and conducted with a convenience sample of 21 nurses. Age, work experience and work Place for the nurses varied.

 Data were analyzed using content analysis. Data revealed five factors associate with professionhood of Japanese nurses. Each factor also had two to six subfactors. The five main factors were social significance, ultimacy of performance, collegiality and collectivity, self-realization and protection of moral and ethical norms. The major focus of the five factors is as follows. Social significance describes wanting to be useful to the patients and the families and to be recognized by them as being useful. Ultimacy of performance describes providing the best care possible by integrating all the knowledge, skill and experience of the nurses. Collegiality and collectivity describes mutual support and sense of cohesion with colleagues that strengthen the power of nursing. Self-realization describes nursing as self-development. Protection of moral and ethical norms describes a sense of respect for human beings.

 Data from this study are currently being analyzed to determine what if any is the relationship among the five factors.

Copyright © 1999, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.


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