Development of the Violence Against Women Screen Yaeko Kataoka 1 1St. Luke's College of Nursing, Research Center for Development of Nursing Practice Keyword: ドメスティック・バイオレンス , 女性 , スクリーニング , 正確度 , domestic violence , women , screening , accuracy pp.51-60
Published Date 2005/9/15
  • Abstract
  • Reference
  • Cited by


 Objective: To develop and validate a domestic violence screening tool that can be used in the Japanese prenatal setting.

 Method: Three hundred and twenty-eight pregnant women in a prenatal setting completed a 9-item, three-point Likert scale, Violence Against Women Screen (VAWS), the GHQ 30, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and an psychometrically established scale, the Japanese Version of the Index of Spouse Abuse.

 Results: Using an item analysis, the VAWS was revised from the original nine items to seven items. Factor analysis and principle component analysis were used to estimate construct validity for single factor structure. The VAWS showed evidence of fair reliability (Cronbach's α=.70). Credible concurrent validity with the GHQ 30, r=.30 and the Self-esteem Scale, r=-.26 was demonstrated. In addition, the sensitivity of the VAWS was 86.7% and the specificity was 80.2%, the positive likelihood ratio was 4.38 based on the Japanese Version of Index of Spouse Abuse. The sensitivity of the self-administered questionnaire was higher than that of the face-to-face interviews (89% vs. 83%).

 Conclusions: The self-administered questionnaire was a better method for screening women in that it correctly identified more abused women than the face to face interviews. The VAWS is a valid and reliable screening tool that can be used with confidence in prenatal settings in Japan.

Copyright © 2005, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 2185-8888 印刷版ISSN 0287-5330 日本看護科学学会