Research Trends and Issues Recognized by Nurses Regarding Music Therapy among Elderly Persons with Dementia Mizue Suzuki 1 , Tokiko Isowa 2 , Masao Kanamori 3 1Mie Prefectural College of Nursing 2Mie Prefectural College of Nursing 3Biwako Seikei Sport College Keyword: 認知症 , 高齢者 , 音楽療法 , ストレス , アクティビティケア , dementia , elderly , music therapy , stress , activity care pp.275-289
Published Date 2006/8/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1681100073
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Music has been used as a clinical nursing intervention for many years. Clinical research suggests that music may facilitate a reduction in stress response,indicating a decrease in level of agitation. The mid-range theory was conceptual framework of effective music therapy for agitation which of the effects of individualized music intervention provides a framework for nursing research. This paper reviews the efficacy of individualized music-related interventions using mid-range theory to treat agitation in geriatric dementia patients,and also examines published studies of music-therapies on the emotional and behavioral responses of elderly patients with dementia. Experimental setting,methods,evaluations,results and funding sources of selected published studies of music therapy using mid-range theory are discussed. Papers reviewed were classified into five types : (1) reviews of Gardner's mid-range theory,(2) studies of music therapy and agitation,(3) applied research using music therapy,(4) original studies of other types of music therapy utilized in the geriatric dementia population and (5) reviews of research on music therapy in elderly patients with dementia. Future research in this field,using larger and more diverse samples,is necessary. Individualized music interventions are an aspect of nursing care that promote humanistic,individualized care and enhance quality of life. Recommendations for future research include the use of standardized methodology,including the coding of observed behaviors. Music is a potentially effective therapeutic tool in the care of elderly patients with dementia.

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