The Roles and Learning Awareness of Nursing Professionals with Regard to Activity Care at Special Nursing Homes for the Elderly and Long-Term Health Care Facilities Keiko Kurousu 1 1Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Technology, Teikyo University Keyword: アクティビティケア , 介護老人福祉施設 , 介護老人保健施設 , 看護師 , activity care , nursing homes , geriatric health care facilities , nurse pp.142-149
Published Date 2014/12/31
  • Abstract
  • Reference

 Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the characteristics of activity care (AC) at special nursing homes for the elderly (nursing homes) and long-term care health facilities (care facilities) and elucidate the roles and learning awareness of nursing professionals with regard to AC.

 Methods: Questionnaires were sent to nursing professionals at 255 nursing homes and 135 care facilities (total 390). Fifty-five valid responses from nursing homes and 49 valid responses from care facilities (total 104) were received and used for analysis.

 Results: Eighty percent of AC tasks that nursing professionals at both nursing homes and care facilities were in charge of involved “checking health status” and “observing AC in progress.” “Assistance with ambulation” accounted for a significantly high proportion of tasks managed by nursing professionals at care facilities. Ninety percent of nursing professionals at both nursing homes and care facilities said they “understood both the mental and physical state of elderly individuals participating in AC,” which is an aspect of AC that students should learn about as a part of their basic nursing education. The proportion of nursing professionals at care facilities who were aware of the need for nursing education for “the purpose of AC and the role of nursing professionals” and “practicing AC via on-site training” was significantly higher than that at nursing homes.

 Conclusion: In general the role of nursing professionals in AC is limited mainly to health assessment, but at care facilities, nursing professionals are expected to play a central role in the implementation of AC. In addition, a high percentage of nursing professionals at care facilities were aware that the role of nursing professionals in AC and the practice of AC via on-site training were aspects of basic nursing education that should be learned.

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