Status of visually impaired persons at nineteen hospitals in Kitakyushu City. Report 3. Visual function and activity in daily life Hiroshi Takahashi 1 1Research association for visual handicap in Kitakyushu pp.653-657
Published Date 1999/4/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1410906302
  • Abstract
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We evaluated the status of visually impaired persons attending 19 hospitals in Kitakyushu City. Out of 22,117 patients, 603 (2.7%) were visually impaired. Questionnaire was handed to 560 patients (92.9%) and was responded by 463 (82.7%) patients. Difficulty in daily life was reported by 70% of patients, particularly regarding mobility, obtaining information and in-house activities. Difficulty in mobility was reported by 80% of patients and was positively correlated with the severity of visual acuity. Difficulty in obtaining information was felt by 40% and was significantly more frequent when the visual acuity was less than 0.1. These difficulties were not related with the severity of visual field defect except for communication. Difficulty in unaided mobility was more pronounced in patients with constricted visual field than in those with central scotoma. In both groups, difficulty in reading printed or Braille characters was reported by about 50%. These findings show the urgent need of low-vision care to improve the quality of life of visually impaired persons.

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