Recent trend in clinical features of uveitis in children Maiko Yoshioka 1 , Hikari Ono 1 , Mami Haruta 1 , Takamasa Minami 1 , Hisashi Mashimo 1 , Hiroshi Shimojo 1 , Chiharu Iwahashi 2 , Nobuyuki Ohguro 1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Japan Community Health Care Organization Osaka Hospital 2Department of Ophthalmology, Sumitomo Hospital pp.1111-1117
Published Date 2018/8/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1410212785
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Abstract Purpose:To report the recent trend in clinical features of uveitis in children.

Cases and Method:This study was made on 92 eyes of 56 cases who were diagnosed with uveitis by us during 7 years through 2017. All were aged 16 years or under. There were 53 cases over 6 years of age. There were 16 boys and 40 girls. They were evaluated regarding visual acuity, motives for seeking consultation, diagnosis, treatment, and complications.

Results:Initial visual acuity was 1.0 or over in 53 eyes. Conjunctival hyperemia motivated medical consultation in 28 cases. Uveitis was bilateral in 36 cases. There were 34 cases with anterior uveitis. Specific diagnosis was made in 18 cases, including chronic iridocyclitis in young girls 5 cases, Behcet disease 3 cases, tubulointerstitial nephritis with uveitis syndrome 2 cases, herpetic uveitis 2 cases, and uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis 2 cases among others. Systemic treatment was performed in 34 cases.

Conclusion:Uveitis in children seen by us showed, as common features, preponderance of girls aged 6 years or over with good visual acuity. There were more anterior uveitis, bilateral involvement, and need of systemic treatment.

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