Current status of new occurrence of Behçet disease Koichi Hayakawa 1 , Seiki Konno 1 , Kazuomi Takahashi 1 , Takeshi Yoshitomi 1 , Kunihiko Yamaki 2 1Dept of Ophthalmol, Akita Univ Sch of Med 2Dept of Ophthalmol, Nippon Med Sch Chiba Hokusoh Hosp pp.1059-1062
Published Date 2007/6/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1410101809
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Abstract. Purpose:To report the incidence of Behçet disease among new patients seen at the Akita University Hospital. Cases and Method:This retrospective study was made on patients of Behçet disease seen by us during 5 years through 2002. The findings were compared with our previous reports during 1972-1982 and during 1993-1997. Results:There were 12 new patients diagnosed with Behçet disease. The eye was involved in 7 patients, comprising 5 males and 2 females. Their age averaged 27.0±8.8 years. At their last visit, visual acuity was below 0.1 in 6 out of 13 eyes. The visual failure was due to macular and optic atrophy. Incidence of Behçet disease among uveitis as a whole was 31.9% during 11 years through 1982, 5.3% during 5 years through 1997, and 3.0% during 5 years through 2002. Conclusion:Incidence of Behçet disease declined significantly during 5 years through 2002 when compared with 11 years through 1982. This finding agrees with past reports regarding new occurrence of Behçet disease in Japan.

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