Diagnostics of Benign Esophageal Functional Disorders:Endoscopic Prospect Hitomi Minami 1 , Haruhiro Inoue 2 , Hiroki Sato 3 , Hiroko Kawasaki 1 , Hiroyuki Yamamoto 1 , Kumi Ogihara 1 , Kazuhiko Nakao 1 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan 2Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Koto Toyosu Hospital, Tokyo 3Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan Keyword: 食道アカラシア , pinstripe pattern , POEM pp.327-332
Published Date 2020/3/25
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1403201980
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 Diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for esophageal achalasia and related diseases such as distal esophageal spasm and jackhammer esophagus have radically evolved owing to the introduction of POEM and high-resolution manometry. Comprehensive studies via endoscopy, barium esophagography, and manometry are mandatory to understand the pathology and select appropriate treatment approach to these functional disorders. In this article, typical endoscopic findings of esophageal achalasia and related diseases are reviewed.

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