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Japanese

Development of A Childrearing Capability Scale for Mothers Raising A One-year-old Infant And Verification of Its Credibility And Validity(1): Concept Analysis of Childrearing Capability And Drafting of The Scale Noriko MATSUMOTO 1 , Masuko SAITO 1 , Hirofumi TAKAGI 2 1Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University 2Kyouritsu Women's University Keyword: 母親 , 育児力 , 尺度 , Mother , Childrearing Capability , Scale pp.31-41
Published Date 2018/2/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.7011200070
  • Abstract
  • Reference

Objective

The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to assess the childrearing capability of mothers raising a one-year-old infant in a certain region and verify its credibility and validity, in order to comprehensively capture their childrearing capability and, eventually, provide them with appropriate support for childrearing.

Methods

In order to clarify the constitutive concept of the childrearing capability of mothers raising a one-year-old infant, concept analyses and focus-group interviews with such mothers were conducted, and scale items were preliminarily extracted. Then, the content validity was examined by experts and the items were reviewed based on pre-test results.

Results

The concept analysis of the "childrearing capability of mothers raising a one-year-old infant" was conducted by reviewing 80 literatures. It was found that such capability is not defined in any literatures. After the concept analysis, eight attributes, five antecedent factors, and seven consequents were extracted. After the focus-group interviews, eight items were extracted as the concept that constitutes the "childrearing capability of mothers raising a one-year-old infant". From these concept analyses, nine sub-scales and 110 scale items were employed for the childrearing capability scale. The content validity index was less than the standard value only in two scale items. The results of the pre-tests suggested that the questions can be easily answered although the questions are voluminous. The time needed to answer the questions was about 10 minutes.

Conclusions

The mothers' childrearing capability was defined as an "ability to engage in the child by controlling her own health, well-preparing for daily life, having an ability to capture the one-year-old infant, facing the child, understanding and accepting the child, exerting her strength to grow as a mother, and accepting necessary support in cooperation with her husband". For drafting the childrearing capability scale for mothers raising a one-year-old infant, 110 scale items consisting of nine sub-scales were employed.


Copyright © 2018, The Japan Maternal and Infant Caring Association All rights reserved.

基本情報

電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1882-2495 日本母子看護学会

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