Relationships between Characteristics, Beliefs, and Self-care in Hemodialysis Patients Naoko Takeuchi 1 , Sachiyo Murashima 1 1Department of Community Health Nursing, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo Keyword: 血液透析患者 , セルフケア , 健康統制所在 , 不合理な信念 , hemodialysis patients , self-care , health locus of control , irrational belief pp.37-45
Published Date 2008/12/20
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 This study is intended to clarify relationships of characteristics, beliefs, and self-care in patients receiving dialysis. To determine the beliefs and self-care of 228 patients, they were assessed using a questionnaire, the Japanese Health Locus of Control (JHLC) scale, and the Japanese Irrational Belief Test (JIBT), and an original self-care scale,which has two subscales, “Life”and “Diet”. Associations among characteristics, beliefs, and self-care were examined using Pearson's correlation and Student's t-test. Consequently, regarding the self-care score, the item related to dosing was the highest;the item related to appropriate exercise was the lowest. Significant correlation (p<0.05) was also found:“Life”of self-care and “Family”, “Chance”, and “Professional”of JHLC, which are equivalent for external HLC were correlated. However, “Diet”of self-care was unrelated to JHLC and JIBT. Heretofore, the beliefs of dialysis patients and relationships with self-care have tended to be told anecdotally. Results of this quantitative study suggest that, in cases where patients cannot do “Life”of self-care well, contact with families and their encouragement by professionals is considered valuable.

Copyright © 2008, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.


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