Japanese

Examination of Caregivers over Their Position and the Direction of Their Eyes toward the Elderly Care Receivers Mitsu Ono 1 , Michiko Konishi 2 , Hitoshi Okamura 1 1Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University 2Gifu College of Nursing Keyword: 介護者 , 高齢者虐待 , 対人距離評価表 , caregiver , elderly abuse , inter-personal distance evaluation form pp.46-54
Published Date 2008/12/20
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Abstract

 One purpose of this study was to examine how the relationship between caregivers and the elderly care receivers is associated with the position of caregivers and the direction of their eyes toward the elderly. The other purpose was to assess the usability of the inter-personal distance evaluation form. We examined 53 primary caregivers,which were classified into two groups:27 of them who abused the elderly, and 26 who didn't. We also adopted the inter-personal distance evaluation form which projects psychological distance of caregivers toward the elderly who receive their care.

 The result shows that in the situations set on the evaluation form, “caregiver stickers”were mostly affixed to the side or diagonally behind the elderly. However more than half of the abusive caregivers were situated outside the room or directly behind the elderly when they wandered or needed help with eating. Such positions are observed when caregivers disassociate themselves from the elderly. As for the direction of their eyes, caregivers mostly watched the elderly in front or within their views, yet in the case of the abusive caregivers,they cast their eyes to irrelevant directions when the elderly were wandering (77.7%) or being rebellious (70.3%). These results imply that the inter-personal distance evaluation form which describes the position of caregivers and the direction of their eyes reflects the relationship between caregivers and the elderly care receivers.


Copyright © 2008, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 2185-8888 印刷版ISSN 0287-5330 日本看護科学学会

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