Study of the behavioral differences in demented Japanese elderly nursing home residents when using a Japanese tatami bench and Western-style furniture Shinya Hisano 1 , Hajime Shimizu 2 1Rehabilitation College Shimane 2Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University Keyword: 認知症 , 施設 , (畳) , (行動) , (社会的交流) , Dementia , Facility , Tatami , Behaviour , Social interaction pp.364-373
Published Date 2007/8/15
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 We studied the behavioral differences in the demented elderly in response to two different setting styles for four days each in a nursing home. One setting was a Japanese tatami bench in the common day room area. The other had Western-style furniture placed in the same common day room area. This free day room space is located between the residential rooms and the dining room.

 The actions of the demented elderly were video-taped, and the number of users, length of use, types of social interaction, and rate of interactions were recorded.

 No differences were found between the two styles for the length of use, types of social interaction, its rate of setting styles, and level of cognition of the demented residents. However, there was a difference in number of users. More residents used the tatami bench, and also the more demented residents used the tatami bench more often and for longer periods of time.

 We concluded that the setting style influences the number of users, and also the severely demented elderly prefer to use a tatami bench more than Western-style furniture.

Copyright © 2007, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会