Behavior analysis : Interaction and engagement among demented elderly Shinya Hisano 1 , Hajime Shimizu 2 , Mayuko Arimoto 3 , Masao Maekawa 3 , Masahiro Akiyoshi 4 1Doctor's Degree Program, Health Sciences, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University 2Division of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Sciences, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University 3Geriatric Health Services Facility, Yumesaki 4Matsugaoka Hospital Keyword: 痴呆 , 高齢者 , (社会的交流) , 行動観察 , 質的研究 , Dementia , Elderly , Social interaction , Behavior observation , Qualitative research pp.60-70
Published Date 2005/2/15
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 The objective of this study is to clarify the items of social interaction among the demented elderly. The subjects studied included two groups of 3 demented elderly : 6 persons in total, 82 ±3.9 old on average, 5 females and 1 male. We filmed the activities of each group at a tea party nine times. Their behaviors were described based on the video records and each behavior was interpreted from the perspective of social interaction. Each interpretation was used as data for qualitative analysis. As a result, we categorized them into 8 kinds of interaction stages : "interaction with commencement and proceeding" ; "involuntary interaction" ; "superficial and passive interaction" ; "awkward and gloomy interaction" ; "social interaction at cross-purposes" ; "interaction accompanied with gentleness" ; "interaction with shared opinions and interests" ; and "interaction with pleasure and comfort". These were thought to describe the characteristics of the social interaction among the demented elderly and its qualitatively positive or negative nature.

Copyright © 2005, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会