Psychosocial factors as predictors for dementia among community-dwelling older people Tokunori Takeda 1 , Katsunori Kondo 2 , Hiroshi Hirai 3 , Chiyoe Murata 4 1Division of Occupational Therapy Faculty of Rehabilitation, Seijoh University 2Faculty of Social Welfare, Nihon Fukushi University 3COE Promotion Office, Nihon Fukushi University 4Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine Keyword: (認知症予防) , (心理・社会的因子) , (縦断研究) , Dementia prevention , Psychosocial factors , Longitudinal cohort study pp.55-65
Published Date 2007/2/15
  • Abstract
  • Look Inside
  • Reference
  • Cited by

 The Purpose of this study was to look for a method for preventing dementia through occupational therapy interventions.

 The subjects for this study included 2,340 elders of the community aged 65 years or over who were independent and active in their daily lives. They were followed for 5 years to catalogue incidences of dementia from 2000 to 2005.

 At the end of the follow-up period, the results gathered showed, of those who were independent and active, that 230 subjects had developed symptoms of dementia.

 Logistic regression analyses found that odds ratios (OR) for maintaining intellectual function included: having a hobby (OR: 2.27), having good self-rated health (OR: 2.00), not being depressed (OR: 1.91), receiving a medical check-up (OR : 1.71), and walking (OR : 1.54).

 It is suggested that maintaining a good psychosocial profile rather than focusing upon health behavior was key for preventing dementia.

Copyright © 2007, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会