Characteristics of hobbies of community-dwelling elderly by degree of depression: Clues for depression prevention and support Tokunori Takeda 1 , Katsunori Kondo 2 , Kayo Suzuki 3 1Division of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Care and Rehabilitation, Seijoh University 2Center for Preventive Medical Sciences, Chiba University 3Department of Policy Studies, Aichi Gakuin University Keyword: 介護予防 , (うつ予防・支援) , 趣味 , (地域在住高齢者) , Care prevention , Depression prevention and support , Hobbies , Community-dwelling elderly pp.337-346
Published Date 2014/8/15
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 The purpose of this study was to clarify the types of hobbies participated in by community-dwelling elderly by degree of depression, and to obtain clues for preventing depression or supporting those with depression by focusing on hobbies. Subjects were 71,097 community-dwelling elderly, of whom 42,129 had a hobby and 28,968 did not. Among the subjects with a hobby, 33,659 subjects did not have depression and 8,470 had a tendency towards depression or were depressed according to the GDS-15 scale. Among all subjects, the most common hobbies were walking/jogging and gardening. Methods to prevent depression and support those with depression that incorporate hobbies may be easier to implement if they utilize the above hobbies. When stratified by depression levels, both men and women without depression were more likely to participate in sports, sightseeing or cultural activities as their hobbies, while those with a depressive tendency or depression were more likely to have pachinko or igo/shogi/majan as their hobbies.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会