The otolith organs: its normal and pathological physiology Kohji Tokumasu 1 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kitasato University, School of Medicine pp.380-392
Published Date 1981/4/10
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1431905278
  • Abstract
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 The inner ear, or the labyrinth, can be separated to the auditory and the vestibular part. The three semicircular canals, the utricle and the saccule belong to the vestibular labyrinth, which are acting mostly as reflex organs to keep the body equilibrium by responding to the head movements or the head positions.

 The canals have the haircell-cupula-endolymphatic system and they are sensitive to rotatory accelerations to the head.

Both the utricle and the saccule have the otolith membranes, which are consited of jelly-like substance with fine crystals of calcium carbonate.

Copyright © 1981, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 1882-1243 印刷版ISSN 0001-8724 医学書院