Review of retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infants Harue Sogawa 1 , Hiroyuki Yamashita 1 , Yasukata Sakaki 1 , Makoto Kajiwara 2 , Mitsuhiro Tamura 3 1Dept of Ophthalmol, Oita Prefectural Hosp 2Dept of Neonatology, Oita Prefectural Hosp 3Tamura Eye Clinic pp.1063-1066
Published Date 1998/6/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1410905919
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We reviewed a consecutive series of 313 infants weighing less than 1,500 g at birth during 7 years through 1996. Following items of retinopathy of prematurity were evaluated : incidence, treatment, clinical outcome and complica-tions. Photocoagulation was performed in 26 infants (8.3%) and additional cryocoagulation in 2, usually after 31 weeks of gestation. Infants with retinopathy showed a tendency to myopia compared with those without retinopathy. Abnormalities in eye position were present in 19 infants. Infants with central nervous system disorders, as periventricular leukomalacia or intraventricular hemorrhage, were prone to develop retinopathy and eye position abnormalities.

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