Japanese

The Development of a Dietary Self-Management Behavior Questionnaire in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Chiemi Taru 1 , Ikuko Miyawaki 2 , Mamiko Yada 2 1Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 2Faculty of Health Sciences, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe Keyword: 2型糖尿病 , 食事自己管理行動 , 質問紙 , 療養行動支援 , Type 2 diabetes , Dietary self-management behavior , Questionnaire , Patients education pp.4-18
Published Date 2007/3/15
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 This study aims to examine the reliability and content validity of the Dietary Self-Management Behavior Questionnaire (DSBQ) which was developed to provide support for patients with type 2 diabetes in effectively carrying out Dietary Self-Management Behavior. Investigate interviews were conducted on the following two areas: 1) strategies/tools for the adherence to instructions for dietary regimen, and 2) factors involved in the coping behavior for relapse episodes to diet regimens. Based on data gathered from the interviews, the DSBQ was formulated, which was afterwards distributed amongst the 110 patients participating in the study. Strategies/Tools for the adherence to instructions on dietary regimens are classified into 3 aspects; ① regular eating behavior, ② eating behavior for restriction of energy intake, and ③ healthy eating behavior that does not sacrifice taste. In addition, “eating behavior for restriction of energy intake”(②) is extracted from five factors, and “healthy eating behavior that does not sacrifice taste”(③) is extracted from two factors. Coping behavior of relapse episodes to diet regimens is classified into ① evasive behavior towards diet regimens, ② temporary deviant behavior, and ③ corrective behavior after the temporary deviant behavior. In addition, “evasive behavior towards diet regimens”(①) is extracted five factors,“temporary deviant behavior”(②) is extracted from two factors, and“corrective behavior after the temporary deviant behavior”(③) is also extracted from two factors (Cronbach'sα= 0.55-0.83). Internal consistency is confirmed. High stability is confirmed by the test-retest method regarding the adherence to instructions for dietary regimens and coping behavior of relapse episodes to diet regimens (rs=0.62-0.88,p<0.001). The DSBQ developed in this study is confirmed to accurately support the development of self management behavior of patients with type 2 diabetes in clinical practice.


Copyright © 2007, Japan Academy of Diabetes Education and Nursing. All rights reserved.

基本情報

電子版ISSN 2432-3713 印刷版ISSN 1342-8497 日本糖尿病教育・看護学会

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