Relationships between learning barriers and ADL limitations of the elderly with physical disabilities Mizuho Fujiwara 1 , Shigeo Hori 2 1Hiroshima University 2Osaka University of Education Keyword: (学習阻害要因) , 高齢障害者 , ADL , Learning barriers , Elderly with disabilities , ADL pp.106-115
Published Date 2004/4/15
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 The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between learning barriers and activity limitations of the elderly with physical disabilities. Subjects of the questionnaire survey included 355 community residents of age 60 and over with physical disabilities but without neuropsychological dysfunctions. After the analysis of the learning barriers of the elderly with disabilities, relationships between 17 learning barriers areas and ADL were analyzed by Hayashi's Quantification Method Ⅲ.

 Main results obtained from the analysis were as follows : 1) 97.6% of ADL Dependent Group and 74.8% of ADL Independent Group felt difficulties in learning compared to before; 2) Learning barriers related to physical disability proved to be the highest-ranked overall deterrent. 3) Three category groups were identified with regard to learning barriers; namely, a group related to physical disabilities, a group related to environmental factors, and a group related to motivation. The ADL Independent Group showed an orientation toward the learning barriers associated with physical disabilities, while the Partially Dependent Group tended toward environmental factors, and the Dependent Group more toward motivation barriers.

Copyright © 2004, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会