Japanese Occupational Therapy Research Volume 36, Issue 4 (August 2017)

Effectiveness of group-oriented occupational therapy programs employing an environmental setting for the elderly with dementia Junya Shiozawa 1 , Yuji Koike 2 , Masaru Mitsufuji 1 , Ikuo Akamatsu 1 , Toyohiro Hamaguchi 2 1Souai, Geriatric Health Services Facility 2Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health and Social Services, Saitama Prefectural University Keyword: 認知症高齢者 , 集団作業療法 , (環境設定) , 行動変容 , Elderly with dementia , Group occupational therapy , Environmental setting , Behavioral change pp.430-436
Published Date 2017/8/15
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 This report confirms the effectiveness of environmental settings in group-oriented occupational therapy program for the elderly with dementia. Fifteen subjects participated in the program for three months. The program was divided into the two parts: the environmental setting of the first part displayed desks lengthwise, and in the second part the desks were arranged in a semicircle so the subjects could interact with each other face-to-face. Subjects' behaviors and cognitive functions were evaluated using the Todai-shiki observational rating scale (TORS) and Hasegawa's Dementia Scale (HDS-R). Subjects' behaviors were significantly improved in TORS. No significant change was observed in the cognitive functions in the subjects during the intervention. The results suggest that the environmental setting of arranging desks in a semicircle improved the results of group occupational therapy.

Copyright © 2017, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


36巻4号 (2017年8月)
電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会