The role of speech-language-hearing therapists in shelters for disaster survivors Hiromi Harada 1 Keyword: 災害 , リハビリテーション , 言語聴覚士 , 避難所 , 支援 , disaster , rehabilitation , speech-language-hearing therapists , shelters for disaster survivors , support pp.32-37
Published Date 2013/3/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001100349
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 After the Tohoku Earthquake, the author participated in volunteer activities in the disaster-affected areas as a member of the functioning support specialist team. In shelters for disaster survivors, instead of providing professional care as a speech-language-hearing therapist, our role was to adjust the overall environment. Our activities mainly included:information collection to identify high-risk survivors;hygiene management and fall prevention approaches to ensure survivors' safety;creation of places for their activities;and attempts to improve their quality of life. Further, the following 6 points were shown to be important when performing our activities:1) enhancing survivors' understanding regarding the specialists' professions and the purpose of their activities;2) quietly and unobtrusively observing survivors to identify their wishes, and impartially communicating and dealing with them;3) reconfirming information and securely conveying it;4) considering the continuity of activities and performing them in cooperation with community residents;5) promptly adopting feasible proposals from the residents;and 6) appropriately determining the most necessary or feasible activities in the course of time after the disaster.

Copyright © 2013, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会