Japanese

Comparison of the effects of inflected verbal cues on sentence production in non-fluent aphasia and fluent aphasia Michiko Kanno 1 , Ikuyo Fujita 2 1Rehabilitation center, International University of Health and Welfare Mita Hospital 2Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, International University of Health and Welfare Keyword: 失語症 , 文の発話 , 動詞 , 意味役割 , 格助詞 , aphasia , sentence production , verb , semantic roles , case particles pp.141-149
Published Date 2007/11/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001100129
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 It is known that there are two types of sentence production deficits in aphasia:1) agrammatic speech, in which particles are deleted and auxiliary verbs are simplified;and 2) paragrammatic speech, in which wrong particles and auxiliary verbs are used (Linebarger 1990). However, the underlying causes of deletion and substitution errors of particles are unclear. We administered a picture description test to nine individuals with aphasia, six with non-fluent aphasia (NFA) and three with fluent aphasia (FA). All subjects were impaired in understanding sentences and there were errors in case particles in their speech. We examined whether or not errors in case particles and semantic roles disappeared from their picture description when an inflected verb was provided. NFAs' errors in case particles and semantic roles did not decrease significantly when an inflected verb was given, whereas there were FAs whose errors decreased or disappeared completely. These results suggested that our subjects with NFA had difficulties in the retrieval of case particles and identification of semantic roles, while subjects with FA had difficulties in the retrieval of verbs.


Copyright © 2007, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会

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