Mental Capacity of Brain Disease Yoshiyuki Takimoto 1,2 1Department of Biomedical Ethics, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo 2Patient Relations and Clinical Ethics Center, The University of Tokyo Hospital Keyword: 意思決定能力 , 判断能力 , 最善の利益 , competency , mental capacity , best interest pp.711-717
Published Date 2020/7/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416201588
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The concept of mental capacity refers to the a bility to understand medical explanations and make decisions with reference to values. Evaluating mental capacity is associated with patient autonomy and mental capacity is clinically and ethically important. In competent patients, patient self-determination is respected. On the other hand, in incompetent patients, “best interest” is presumed in terms of medical fact and patient value.

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