Roles of Microglia in Neurodegenerative Diseases Koji Yamanaka 1 1Department of Neuroscience and Pathobiology, Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University Keyword: ミクログリア , 神経変性疾患 , 筋萎縮性側索硬化症 , microglia , neurodegenerative disease , amyotrophic lateral sclerosis pp.999-1005
Published Date 2017/9/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416200859
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Recent advances in glial research have elucidated the roles of microglia under various contexts in health and disease. Microglial activation used to be considered only as a consequence of neuronal damage. However, a series of studies using mouse models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disease selectively affecting motor neurons, indicated that microglia actively influence the disease course. In this review, we summarize the growing evidence that microglia play a critical role in the survival and demise of motor neurons in ALS. These observations suggest microglia as a promising therapeutic target of neurodegenerative diseases.

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