Immunohistochemical Stains and Special Stains in Non-neoplastic Lesions of the GI Tract Yutaro Egashira 1 , Hiroshi Akutagawa 1 , Makoto Sanomura 2 1The Department of Pathology, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan 2The Hokusetsu Hospital, Osaka, Japan Keyword: 消化管 , 非腫瘍性疾患 , 免疫組織化学染色 , 特殊染色 , 病理診断 pp.1067-1083
Published Date 2017/7/25
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1403201130
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 The basic pathological diagnosis of gastrointestinal non-neoplastic diseases is determined by hematoxylin-eosin staining. What in some disease immunostaining or specific staining are extremely useful and indispensable. In this report, we describe immunostaining and specific staining in the pathological diagnosis of gastrointestinal non-neoplastic diseases and lesions, focusing on those in which the staining procedures are either highly useful or indispensable. In non-neoplastic diseases, such as infection, the pathological diagnosis is often associated with the treatment policy. Thus, appropriate immunostaining and specific staining must be used to facilitate an accurate pathological diagnosis. Moreover, pathologists must have adequate knowledge of diseases along with immunostaining and specific staining. However, it is essential for clinicians also to understand and have adequate knowledge about immunostaining and specific staining to conduct biopsies from an appropriate site(excision in the event of surgical materials)and provide accurate clinical information based on differential diagnosis.

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