Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: Report of a Case and a Endoscopical Review of the Literature Yoshihiro Sakai 1 1Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical College pp.695-700
Published Date 1970/6/25
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1403111297
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 A case of Puetz-Jeghers syndrome has been described in which gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed as far as possible. This 25-year-old female was admitted to Tokyo Medical College Hospital on April 15,1969, with the chief complaint of epigastric pain, which she had suffered once or twice a year since the age of 18. No contributory family history of abnormal pigmentation or significant gastrointestinal symptom was obtained except that her uncle had suffered from anal polyp. Physical findings showed typical pigmentation of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Melanin deposition was seen histopathologically from skin biopsy in the crista profunda intermedia. Laboratory data showed low-grade anemia, hypoproteinernia, decreased serum iron, accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and guaiac-positive stool. Gastrointestinal X-rays indicated small round subtraction shadows in the body and antrum of the stomach, in duodenum, in proximal jejunum and distal ileum. The barium enema examination showed polyp shadows in the ascending colon, transverse colon, sigmoid and rectum. Fiber-esophagoscopy appeared normal. Gastrocamera examination showed a number of polyps with and without stalk spread from fornix to antrurn. Fiber-duodenoscopy revealed granular hypertrophic mucosa and polyps. Fiber-rectosigmoidoscopy revealed several polyps with and without stalk. Histological examination showed adenomatous polyps in the specimens obtained by punch biopsy under direct vision from the stomach, sigmoid, and rectum.

 In Japan,126 cases with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome have been reported. Twenty cases of them failed to reveal gastrointestinal polyp. Seventy five cases (70,8%) underwent laparotorny, while gastroscopy and gastrocarnera examinations were done in 27 cases (25.5%) and proctoscopy in 26 cases (24.6%). Fiber-duodenoscopy and fiber-rectosigmoidoscopy has not yet been reported in the previous cases with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Malignant changes on these polyps were described in 8 cases; 4 in the stomach,3 in the jejunum, and one each in the duodenum, ileum, and rectum, and 7 cases developed atypical cell change; 3 in the jejunum,2 in the rectum, one each in the cecum and sigmoid. It is suggested that Peutz-Jeghers polyp should be followed up endoscopically in the stomach, sigmoid, rectum, and, if possible, in the proximal small bowel.

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