Using the nominal group technique to identify environmental factors that affect life satisfaction in community-living elderly : A pilot study for the development of a comprehensive environmental questionnaire Kenji Yabuwaki 1 , Takashi Yamada 1 , Yohko Uekawa 2 , Tetsuo Kubota 3 , Yuki Koide 3 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University 2Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University 3Viva-Flora Geriatric Health Care Facility for the Elderly Keyword: 高齢者 , 環境 , (生活満足感) , (nominal group technique) , (通所リハビリテーション) , Elderly , Environment , Life satisfaction , Nominal group technique , Day care with rehabilitation service pp.567-582
Published Date 2007/12/15
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 The aim of this study was to examine the validity of 16 environmental factors extracted from the literature on environments for the elderly (Yabuwaki et al.), as a pilot study for the development of a comprehensive environmental questionnaire.

 Participants included 14 elderly persons who actively used day care services. The nominal group technique (NGT), a type of qualitative approach, was used in a group of 7 elderly living in a metropolitan area, and in another group of 7 elderly living in a provincial area. The participants discussed the 16 environmental factors using the NGT and assessed whether these items would be required for them to be satisfied with their day-to-day lives.

 Analysis of the participants' responses showed that 12 of the 16 environmental factors were necessary for satisfied daily living in the community-living elderly, indicative of high content validity. Five environmental factors had to be modified in order to improve their face validity as questions.

Copyright © 2007, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


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