Japanese

Effects of reading aloud and singing songs on the cognitive function of the elderly: A randomized controlled trial Keiko Honda 1,2 , Saori Ishida 1,3 , Makoto Tanaka 4 , Koshi Sumigawa 4 , Takuhiko Kato 4 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Division of Comprehensive Rehabilitation, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences 2Nursing Home Care Center Hirosaki 3Medical Corporation Association Seikoukai, Seikoukai Hospital 4Division of Health Sciences, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences Keyword: 音読 , 音楽 , 認知機能 , Reading aloud , Singing , Cognitive function pp.608-615
Published Date 2018/12/15
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 Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of programs for reading poems aloud and singing songs on cognitive and emotional function and the ADL of elderly persons. Methods: Forty-three people living in a nursing home were divided into three groups: a group receiving usual rehabilitation plus the reading a poem aloud program (the reading group), a group receiving usual rehabilitation plus the singing a song program (the singing group) and a group receiving only usual rehabilitation (the control group). Each group continued with the study for three months. Assessment items were cognitive function, emotional function and daily living ability. Results: The control group showed no difference from before to after the intervention. In the reading group, the score for the Frontal Assessment Battery at bedside (FAB) after intervention increased more than the scores before intervention (p<0.05). In the singing group, both the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and FAB scores after intervention increased more than the scores before intervention (p<0.05). Conclusions: In the reading group, reading a poem aloud was effective for improving frontal lobe functions. In the singing group, singing a song was effective for improving both frontal lobe and cognitive functions.


Copyright © 2018, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会

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