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Neurocognitive dysfunction of long-term hospitalization of patients with schizophrenia: A comparison with outpatients Kenzo Iwano 1 , Masayoshi Kobayashi 2 1National Hospital Organization Komoro Kogen Hospital 2Graduate School of Medicine, Shinshu University Keyword: 統合失調症 , 長期入院 , 認知機能 , Schizophrenia , Long-term hospitalization , Cognitive function pp.403-409
Published Date 2018/8/15
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 The purpose of this study was to clarify neurocognitive dysfunction of long-term inpatients with schizophrenia by comparing with outpatient (daycare) patients. Long-term hospitalized patients (n=33; hospital group) and outpatients (n=30; foreign group) participated in the study. Patient age, cumulative duration of hospitalization, amount of medication, and occurrence of “delusions” assessed by the Brief Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (Brief PANSS) were significantly higher in the hospital group than in the foreign group, whereas the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), verbal memory, working memory, motor function, attention and processing speed, executive function, and composite score of Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) were significantly lower. Cognitive dysfunction in hospitalized groups may be associated with long-term hospitalization, or/and a declining psychosocial function caused by the chronic course of schizophrenia, or/and the dose of their antipsychotics.


Copyright © 2018, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会

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