The relationship between residential environments and the QOL and ADL of day-care service users: A comparison between approved and unapproved Fukui residents under long-term care insurance Atsushi Hori 1 , Hitoshi Saito 2 , Yasuhiro Sakurai 3 1Department of Rehabilitation Occupational Therapy, Fukui College of Health Sciences 2Fukui College of Health Sciences 3Graduate of Fiber Amenity Engineering Course, University of Fukui Keyword: 高齢者 , QOL , ADL , (住環境) , Elderly people , Quality of life , Activities of daily living , Residential environments pp.327-341
Published Date 2011/6/15
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 The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between the residential environments of elderly users of day-care service and QOL/ADL. “Items based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)” and “Subjective experience” (MOS36-Item Short-Form Health Survey v2 [SF-36] and Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale [PGC], etc.) concerning 84 day-care service users, and their relationships were investigated.

 As a result, depending on the level of required care, a difference was not perceived in the Mental Component Summary though a difference was discerned in the Physical Component Summary. Pain, hobbies, the degree of satisfaction with a house, etc were related to the Mental Component Summary, which was found to be particularly influenced by hobbies. Moreover, a relationship was perceived between usage of the residential environments and ADL/QOL, and also between their usage and hobbies.

 These results suggest the possibility of subjective QOL improvement through involvement in hobbies. As the residential environments affect participating in hobbies, intervention in the residential environments should be considered.

Copyright © 2011, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会