Survey of Living Conditions of Patients with Childhood-onset Higher Brain Dysfunction Tadao Nomura 1,2 , Reiko Ohta 2 , Katsunori Yoshinaga 3 , Mana Kurihara 4 , Norimasa Katagiri 5 , Mitsuo Takei 6 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Kinjo University 2Toyama Support Center for Higher Brain Dysfunction 3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Chiba Rehabilitation Center 4Department of Pediatrics, Kanagawa Rehabilitation Center 5Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital 6Suwanomori Hospital Keyword: 高次脳機能障害 , higher brain dysfunction , 小児期 , childhood , 復学 , school re-enrollment , 就労 , employment pp.908-920
Published Date 2019/11/18
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Objective:To investigate the living conditions of patients who had experienced childhood onset of higher brain dysfunction and determine their problems with respect to diagnosis, school re-enrollment, and employment.

Subjects and Methods:A retrospective investigation was performed in 196 subjects (122 men and 74 women) enrolled in the seven supporting centers in Japan for patients with higher brain dysfunction who were injured (or developed primary diseases) and diagnosed with higher brain dysfunction under 18 years old, and were not older than 40 at the time of investigation.

Results:Primary diseases included traumatic brain injury (109 patients), cerebrovascular disease (35), encephalitis/encephalopathy (27), brain tumor (17), and brain hypoxia (8). Forty-two patients (21%) were diagnosed with higher brain dysfunction ≥ 1 year after brain damage and 64 (33%) started receiving support ≥ 1 year after brain damage. Of those who were re-enrolled in schools, 6% left high schools and 17% left colleges before graduation, mainly because of maladjustment to school life. Thirty-three (47.8%) among 69 patients who were ≥ 20 years were employed at the time of investigation, and 19% were living on remuneration alone.

Conclusion:To resolve problems in patients with childhood-onset higher brain dysfunction, it is necessary to establish early diagnosis as well as collaboration systems among medical, educational, and welfare institutions to support these patients.

Copyright © 2019, The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1881-3526 日本リハビリテーション医学会