A Significant Increase in Intraoperative Flash Visual Evoked Potential Amplitude during Craniopharyngioma Surgery—Case Report Tomohiro KAWAGUCHI 1 , Yoshikazu OGAWA 1 , Satoru FUJIWARA 1 , Teiji TOMINAGA 2 1Department of Neurosurgery, Kohnan Hospital 2Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine Keyword: craniopharyngioma , flash visual evoked potential , impaired consciousness , transsphenoidal surgery , visual function pp.323-329
Published Date 2015/4/10
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203015
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 The flash visual evoked potential(VEP)is a useful diagnostic modality for visual preservation during surgery. Decreased VEP amplitude is recognized to indicate visual deterioration;however, whether intraoperative VEP can detect visual improvement remains unclear. We describe a craniopharyngioma case with a significant increase in VEP amplitude during surgery. A 67-year-old woman presented with progressive gait disturbance and impaired consciousness. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a sellar-suprasellar tumor compressing the optic chiasm upward with significant ventricular dilation. Her Glasgow Coma Scale was E3V3M5. Visual fields and acuity could not be examined because of impaired consciousness, and she could not see/recognize objects on a table. Preoperative VEP showed reproducible waveforms. Tumor removal by the extended transsphenoidal approach was performed with VEP monitoring. Increased VEP amplitude was observed after dural incision and persisted until the surgery ended. Postoperative VEP waveforms were also reproducible, but visual fields/acuity could not be examined because of cognitive dysfunction. Useful visual function was restored, and she became independent in daily life. The histological diagnosis was craniopharyngioma. The patient underwent ventriculo-peritoneal shunting for hydrocephalus 16 days after tumor removal. The postoperative course was uneventful and she was transferred to another hospital for rehabilitation. Intraoperative VEP may indicate visual improvement during surgery, which is a useful objective assessment for visual function in patients with impaired consciousness and cognitive dysfunction.

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