BRAIN and NERVE Shinkei Kenkyu no Shinpo Volume 68, Issue 11 (November 2016)

The Meaning of “Understanding the Brain”: Peeking into the Brain of a Computational Neuroscientist Hirokazu Tanaka 1 1Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Keyword: 計算論モデル , Marrの計算レベル , 強化学習 , 運動野モデル , スパイク神経網モデル , computational model , Marr's computational levels , reinforcement learning , model of motor cortex , spiking neural network model pp.1379-1384
Published Date 2016/11/1
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What does “understanding the brain” mean? Here, I review how computational neuroscience, a theoretical approach to the brain, can aid our understanding of the brain. First, I illustrate the study of reinforcement learning and dopamine neurons and argue its success in the light of Marr's three levels of computation. Second, I discuss how Marr's program has led to a computational understanding of the brain, and present computational models of the motor cortex and of a spiking neural network as illustrative examples.

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BRAIN and NERVE-神経研究の進歩
68巻11号 (2016年11月)
電子版ISSN 1344-8129 印刷版ISSN 1881-6096 医学書院