BRAIN and NERVE Shinkei Kenkyu no Shinpo Volume 66, Issue 4 (April 2014)

Congenital Prosopagnosia: Symptoms, Cognition, and Neural Correlates Tetsuya Iidaka 1 1Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine Keyword: , 事象関連電位 , 脳賦活検査 , 罹患率 , 質問紙 , face , ERP , fMRI , prevalence rate , questionnaire pp.403-411
Published Date 2014/4/1
  • Abstract
  • Look Inside
  • Reference


Congenital prosopagnosia (CP) refers to lifelong and severe impairment of face processing, which is apparent from birth, despite intact visual and intellectual abilities. Usually, individuals with CP do not exhibit brain lesions or neurological disorders that account for their specific impairment. An epidemiological survey revealed that the prevalence rate of CP was approximately 2.5% in a young Caucasian population. CP frequently runs in families, suggesting a genetic component in this disturbance. Detailed neuropsychological investigations demonstrated that individuals with CP show reduced performance in face tasks including famous face recognition, face matching, and encoding/retrieval of novel faces. In contrast, they can judge facial expression and eye gaze almost as well as healthy controls. These results suggest an impairment of holistic processing of faces in individuals with CP. Neurophysiological investigation using ERP showed that individuals with CP, as a group, had reduced voltage of the N170 component, which is a hallmark of face processing in the temporal lobe. However, there were large variations in the results of N170 among individuals with CP. Structural MRI showed that the impairments could be due to reduced volume of grey matter and microstructure of white matter in a part of the temporal lobe. Studies using fMRI and face tasks revealed mixed results with regard to face-selective activation in the fusiform gyrus. These findings indicate the heterogeneity of CP, and further investigation is needed to clarify neurodevelopmental substrates of face processing. Results from normative data obtained using the Japanese version of a questionnaire for screening of hereditary prosopagnosia is presented.

Copyright © 2014, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


BRAIN and NERVE-神経研究の進歩
66巻4号 (2014年4月)
電子版ISSN 1344-8129 印刷版ISSN 1881-6096 医学書院