The Use of Botulinum Toxin for Pain Therapy Hiroyuki Nodera 1 1Department of Neurology, Tokushima University Keyword: neuropathic pain , botulinum toxin , SNARE complex , migraine pp.503-508
Published Date 2008/5/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416100274
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 Preventive measures are necessary against contraction of botulism through food intake or due to other factors because the botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is one of the strongest toxins. Despite this, given its therapeutic utility in the controll of neuromuscular transmission, BoNT has been utilized to treat diseases related to muscular hyperactivity, such as dystonia and spasticity. Furthermore, it has been recognized that BoNT is also useful in controlling the neurotransmitter release of sensory and autonomic nerve terminals as well. This paper reviews the recent progress in the therapeutic use of BoNT in pain management, for example, in condition such as migraine, myofascial pain syndrome, pelvic pain, and interstitial cystitis.

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