Development of Resilience Scale for Nurses and Assessment of Its Reliability and Validity Hiroyuki OGATA 1 , Hiroshi IHARA 1 , Aya INUZUKA 1 , Noriko OHTA 2 , Motoki MIZUNO 3 1Department of Psychiatry, Dokkyo Koshigaya Hospital, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya, Japan 2Department of Nursing, Dokkyo Koshigaya Hospital, Dokkyo Medical University 3Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport and Health Science, Juntendo University Keyword: Resilience , Workplace adversity , Reliability , Validity pp.785-792
Published Date 2010/8/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1405101680
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 Personal resilience is considered to be the ability of an individual to adjust positively to adversity and recover from negative, traumatic, or stressful experiences. It enables nurses to cope with workplace adversity and even feel satisfied with their jobs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a resilience scale for nurses and to determine the reliability and validity of this scale. First, to select items to be included in this scale, we performed an exploratory factor analysis using data obtained from 429 nurses. The result of the analysis showed that the scale could be divided into 4 subscales:positive attitude toward nursing, interpersonal skills, presence of an anchor in personal life, and responsivity to novelty. The internal consistency of each subscale was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The total score and those of the 4 subscales showed significant correlation with the Self-esteem Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and the Hardiness Personality Scale scores. These results indicated that the Resilience Scale for Nurses was sufficiently reliable and was valid.

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