Colonoscopic Differentiation between Infectious Colitis and Chronic Ulcerative Colitis T. Kida 1 , T. Tajima 2 1Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital 2Department of Endoscopy, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital pp.343-352
Published Date 1983/4/25
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1403109355
  • Abstract
  • Look Inside

 Most of the infections of the intestines except amebic colitis and tuberculous enterocolitis have abrupt onset and take acute self-limited course. On the other hand, ulcerative colitis has gradual or insidious onset and pursues chronic course.

 Basic endoscopic feature of ulcerative colitis is diffuse inflammation that usually involves the rectum.

 Stool culture for Campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has become possible from the beginning of 1980 at our hospital. Since then, we have experienced nine cases with Campylobacter infection of the intestines. Colonic abnormalities were present in seven among these nine cases. Aphthoid ulcers were seen in two cases. Small patchy reddenings were seen in four cases. Consequently, in a total of six cases, tiny abnormalities with spotty distribution were seen. But, in one case, diffuse changes were seen 〔Case 3, Fig. 3, 4〕 and were indistinguishable from ulcerative colitis endoscopically.

 Endoscopic findings of Shigella dysentery were patchy to tiny reddenings, small erosions and aphthoid ulcers. Mucosa between these inflammations was intact and these findings were apparently different from those of ulcerative colitis.

 We found out colonic lesions in eight cases among a total of 10 cases with Salmonella infection of the intestines. Diffuse reddening was seen segmentally in three cases. And patchy reddenings were seen in another three cases. Aphthoid ulcers only were seen in one case. And in one case, serial changes of diffuse reddening to broad longitudinal ulcer, and finally to linear ulcer scar were seen.

 Stool culture of Clostridium difficile became posible since August 1982 at our hospital. Before that period, we have experienced 18 cases with antibiotic-associated colitis. Culture of stool and/or biopsy specimen was positive for Klebsiella oxytoca in 10 cases and was negative in eight cases. Endoscopic characteristics of Klebsiella oxytoca positive cases were linear, patchy and diffuse reddening, erosions and bleeding. No obvious endoscopic characteristics except two cases of pseudomembrane formation were seen among the cases with antibiotic-associated colitis with negative stool culture. During the period when the stool culture for Clostridium difficile have become possible, we have experienced seven cases with antibiotic-associated colities. Clostridium dificille was isolated in five among these seven cases. Endoscopic findings of Clostridium difficile positive cases were small reddenings and ulcers in four cases and one case showed diffuse reddening and erosions from the rectum to the descending colon and the endoscopic findings of this case resembled those of ulcerative colitis.

 Endoscopic abnormalities of tuberculous colitis were distributed most frequently at the ileocecal area. Skip lesions with circular ulcer, convergency, concentric stenosis and small inflammatory polyps were characteristic endoscopic findings.

 Four among five cases with amebic colitis showed varioliform erosions and ulcers. And these findings improved markedly after therapy with metronidazole.

 Pattern of distribution of endoscopically observed lesions and each item of endoscopic findings of infections of the intestines were different from those of ulcerative colitis in most cases and each infection of the intestines has its characteristics in endoscopic features. But some cases with infections of the intestines could not be differentiated from ulcerative colitis by endoscopic features alone, thus close scrutiny and follow-up were considered to be necessary in dealing with patients with colonic inflammation.

Copyright © 1983, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 1882-1219 印刷版ISSN 0536-2180 医学書院