Places and Postures of Elderly Persons during Nap Times at a Long-term Care Insurance Facility, and Status of Nap Times Madoka Konishi 1 , Kayo Nishida 1 1Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health and Welfare Human Services, St. Catherine University Keyword: 仮眠 , 介護保険施設 , 高齢者 , 居場所 , 姿勢 , nap , long-term care insurance facilities , elderly people , place , postures pp.203-209
Published Date 2018/12/31
  • Abstract
  • Reference

Purpose: To ascertain the places, postures, and napping times of elderly persons in a long-term care insurance facility during naps, and to clarify the characteristics thereof.

Method: For 20 elderly persons residing in a long-term care facility, measurements of sleep variables were taken for three days using actigraph, and the places and postures while napping were studied through behavioral observation. Thereafter, the participants were divided into short- and long-time nap groups, whose nap times were shorter than 30 minutes and 30 minutes or longer, respectively. We analyzed the characteristics of short and long nap times.

Results: There were significances between the two groups in terms of the number of time subjects stayed in a particular place during the napping period. Compared with the long-time nap group, participants in the short-time nap group were in their rooms for a fewer number of times during the napping period, and spent a greater number of times in the communal activity room.

Conclusion: For elderly facility residents, spending more time in the communal activity room during the napping period from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. meant increased opportunity for interacting with others, with increased length of daily life spent in accordance with the facility schedule. It was suggested that these increases are two of the factors affecting nap time of elderly persons in a long-term care insurance facility.

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